The Government and the communities will arrive at the Conference of Presidents next week with the common will to reform the regional financing model, but during the negotiation they will have to approximate their positions on how to deal with the spending on dependence and other social policies.
With ten agreements will close the Conference of Presidents next Tuesday in the Senate. After the second preparatory meeting today, again with the absence of Catalonia and the Basque Country, five of them are already closed and many more will be finalized tomorrow, when the Government sends to the communities the slight modifications agreed this afternoon.
One of those developments has to do with the agreement that will allow to promote the reform of the regional financing (and in parallel that of the local administration) from the same Tuesday.
Mariano Rajoy and the autonomous presidents, except Carles Puigdemont and Íñigo Urkullu, will agree on the creation in a month of a group of experts chosen by the central and regional administrations to study how the current model has worked between 2009 and 2013 and lay the foundations of what happens to him.
When the work of experts and technicians is over, Minister Cristóbal Montoro and the communities will give the appropriate adjustments in the same Fiscal Policy Council and send the project to Congress, because the reform of the regional financing is an Organic Law and needs a majority absolute parliamentary
At a press conference, the Secretary of State for Finance, José Enrique Fernández de Moya, stressed the importance of marking the beginning of the process, but has not ventured into deadlines.
During this negotiation, whatever the duration, the Government and the autonomies will analyze how to pay for the Dependency system.
According to sources present at the meeting, at the initiative of Extremadura, with the support of the other socialist governments, it has been agreed to provide a novelty accepted by the Executive: the new financing must take into account the expenditure in dependence.
But how it will be taken into account is not clear. Fernandez de Moya has advocated not only treating “exclusively” the investment in this pillar of the welfare state, but also addressing all the expenses derived from social policies, such as access to housing or disability.
Because, he added, “essential public services, in addition to dependency, encompass other policies that include a public expenditure that must be contained in the new model, not to exclude, but to take into account others.”
In this regard, he said, all communities have expressed their agreement today.
The socialist autonomies claim that the new financing assumes an equitable distribution of the cost of dependency, so as to guarantee the financing of this to 50 percent between central administration and territorial administrations, but the Government wants to extend this scope to other social politics.
The agreements closed today are:
– A pact for Education that takes into account the contributions of the autonomous governments through a session of the Commission of Autonomous Communities of the Senate.
– Implement a social card that collects the aid received by citizens of each administration.
– That the communities participate more in European strategies.
– Create before March 31 a National Civil Protection Commission with representatives of the Government and the communities to improve coordination in the face of natural catastrophes.
– The Conference of Presidents will have an annual periodicity and their agreements will be followed up by the Commission of Autonomous Communities of the Senate.
On this point, the Secretary of State for Territorial Administration, Roberto Bermúdez de Castro, said that the session on Tuesday will begin at 9:00 a.m. with “a coffee” chaired by the King, will continue with a series of interventions by Rajoy (10 minutes) ) and the other presidents (7-10 minutes), will include a “relaxed lunch” and will close, in the afternoon, with the debate on the agreements.
Also, the consensus to close tomorrow, in addition to what is related to regional financing, are:
– Draft a National Strategy on demographic imbalances this year, which will advocate for improving access to European funds.
– Strengthen the market unit.
– Betting on the geographical mobility of officials and ending the current replacement rate in basic services and emergency services.
– Promotion of the social bonus.
The Government, represented at the meeting by Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría and Cristóbal Montoro, thanked the communities for their tone and willingness to collaborate, and unlike the first preparatory session on December 21, this time there was no mention of the absences from Catalonia and Euskadi.
However, both will have all the documentation generated by the Conference of Presidents.