The financing of Catalonia is going to get worse as the regional financing system agreed by the tripartite with the Zapatero Government after the approval of the Statute has been applied. The Socialists proclaimed him as the best in history. It was not a lie at all. For the first time, Catalonia was above average in terms of financing per capita, but it turned out to be a mirage. The relative evolution of the system has been so negative that it has once again placed Catalonia below the average, and Catalonia is once again the third community to pay and the tenth to receive. Catalonia is not the only one harmed. Madrid is much more so and Murcia has also worsened its relative position with respect to the rest of the autonomous communities.
These data appear in the Analysis Document of the Financing Model of the Autonomous Communities , prepared by technicians of the Department of Economy of the Generalitat at the request of the Ministry of Finance and that the Govern will present to the Minister Cristóbal Montoro in the coming days. The document, to which La Vanguardia has had access, supposes a devastating criticism of the system but above all of the application that the Central Administration has made, considering that it generates results contrary to the persecuted ones. Instead of shortening distances between communities, it maintains or increases the imbalance. “The evolution of resources -says the document- shows a progressive increase in the disparity between autonomous communities”, since it has benefited even more those who contributed less and received more. In particular, the per capita financing of Catalonia in the 2009-2012 period has increased by 74 euros per inhabitant, a negative figure when it relates to the population. In this case the community of Madrid has still fared worse because not only has it not won but it has lost eleven euros per inhabitant in the same period. Madrid, the Balearic Islands and Catalonia continue to be the communities that, after making a greater fiscal effort to contribute to the group at the time of the distribution, are left with fewer resources per capita than the host communities.
However, these are not the main conclusions of the document of the Generalitat, which does not make specific reference to Catalonia but analyzes the system as a whole. The main conclusion is not that Catalonia is discriminated against, but that “there has been a vertical imbalance in favor of the State since its resources have increased at a rate of 7%, while communities have done so at a rate of 2.5%. % “.
The most transcendental of this data is not that it penalizes the regional administrations but directly affects personal services: “Expenditures in health and education – the document points out – fall back and reach levels prior to 2002, while the total of public spending is progressively approaching European levels “.
The study offers data to show that the application of the system works in a direction contrary to the objectives pursued. “Redistributing resources from 2012 based on the distribution of 2009 would mean providing the autonomous communities with 5,534 million euros and this distribution should be considered minimal, since the spending needs of the communities since 2009 have increased (dependency law, etc.). ) “.
Another conclusion of the report indicates that “it is contradictory the fact that the communities that have exerted an upward fiscal pressure are not those that have more resources per capita and vice versa the autonomous communities with a downward fiscal pressure have more resources This contradiction is explained because the distribution of the rest of the model’s resources does not obey any criterion of equity “.
The little relevant role in the management of taxes causes, according to the authors of the text, undesirable distortions “by the little perceptibility of the citizens and by the null information on the fiscal reality of each community and supposes a limitation to the financial autonomy”
The text states that the evolution of resources by communities has not had a positive relationship with population growth either. The report analyzes the functioning of the funds that are redistributed among the communities with different criteria and concludes that the application is arbitrary and the result is inconsistent: “The global sufficiency fund and the convergence funds (competitiveness and cooperation) introduce strong distortions .
The report insists that all communities have been harmed by the application of the financing system, but obviously some more than others. The Cantabrian, the Riojan and the Extremaduran have achieved a higher per capita funding in this order.
There are only three donor communities and twelve receiving communities. The three donors are also in this order Madrid, the Balearic Islands and Catalonia, although Madrid achieves greater tax capacity thanks precisely to the status of capital of Madrid that involves the contribution of state officials, senior officials and public companies whose income comes in large part also of the taxes that all the taxpayers of the country pay.