The Minister of Finance, María Jesús Montero, has called for greater participation of the autonomous communities in the collection of what has been deposited by the State, for example in the VAT, at the time of reforming the regional financing system.
In an interview with Efe, Montero has indicated that communities “are beginning to name” their representatives in the political group that will deal with this reform and has asked that they be people who can “make decisions without having to constantly consult.”
He referred to the work of the commission of experts in which different options are proposed, “some contradictory”, since the particular votes exceeded those of the paper, although, he has acknowledged, it is “good starting material”.
After insisting that the previous government “had no interest” in addressing the issue, has been surprised that now the PP “hurry” and some of its presidents, who “have been characterized by silence, are now less that screaming with financing “, what is” a lack of absolute coherence “.
Montero is committed to “put all the means” for the autonomy to approach positions, which “is not easy” and, therefore, has decided to start with the part that “generates more consensus”: determine what is insufficient resources that they have regarding the assigned competences.
The minister has alluded to the different existing works that go from taking a base year and from there projecting it and the most complex that would be to make a detailed evaluation of the cost of the services, for what it would be necessary to develop an accounting that now they do not have the communities.
In his opinion, if there is agreement on how much the Government has to transfer additionally so that the welfare state is sustainable, “there will be many possibilities to create a climate so that when it is distributed by adjusted population” it has been possible to create a model “Comfortable”, although it is not a “tailor-made suit”, which is “extraordinarily complex”.
For the new model, Montero is in favor of the autonomy level that retains its funding comes from its participation in the collection.
“I am firmly convinced of the state of autonomy,” he added, “and we should design a system that would allow the autonomies to participate to a greater extent than the current collection.”
In his opinion, this option is better than direct transfers, which “makes financing dependent” on the general budgets of the State, and has underlined that communities should have the capacity to do their own “with or without” state accounts, because they are administrations “absolutely autonomous financially”.
Regarding the possibility that the communities could have a collegiate VAT that could go up, it considers that it is “very complicated” and is inclined towards a greater capacity to participate in its collection, although they do not have regulatory capacity.
The minister has not pronounced on when the new model will be ready and indicates that they are working so that it is “as soon as possible”, which will also depend on the capacity of the autonomies to reach agreements.
But he wants to be realistic and recognizes that there can be a reasonable time when there is talk of insufficient resources; that the coincidences will be less in the fiscal harmonization, and that, when speaking of the adjusted population, “the differences will be great, because each one will try the distribution that is perfect”.
It also foresees “large differences” in fiscal capacity and autonomy, since only those with a higher level of income prefer more fiscal capacity.
And “agreeing as a country in the funding model unanimously would be that we all have the same idea of country, social services, health … and as that is not the political reality”, what the minister intends is reach a reasonable consensus, because “unanimous will be difficult”.
Regarding 2019 is municipal election year and in most communities and possible budget excesses, recognizes that there is “a tendency to propose measures that have not been carried out in previous times”, although they know that they have to be responsible and that Your budgets will have to comply with all fiscal rules.
“The Government will use and make use of measures so that administrations comply with what the law requires,” concluded Montero.